Leita frttum mbl.is
Embla

Bloggfrslur mnaarins, ma 2007

Borgarstjrar BNA styja samt Kyoto

Hi rtta er a bandarikjastjrn undir George W. Bush streitast mti a gera eitthva sem skiptir mli loftslagsmlum. a m segja a hi sama m segja gildi ekki  um Bandarkjamenn almennt.  Fjlmargir borgarstjrar, me borgarstjri Seattle broddi fylkingar hafa skrifa umdir yfirlsingu sem svipar til Kyoto bkuninna.  Kaliforna rki hefur a manni skilst gengi lengur.
mbl.is Bandarkjamenn mtfallnir tillgum G8 um loftlagsml
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Is 50,000 Critical Mass Yet?

Fr European Cyclists' Federation :

25.05.2007Is 50,000 Critical Mass Yet? Budapest astounded cycling advocates a year ago when 25,000 turned out for a Critical Mass ride, overwhelming by an order of magnitude the largest previous ride anywhere. Not to be outdone, this year some 50,000 cyclists participated in the Critical Mass demonstration in Budapest. They were joined by the president of Hungary and the mayor of Budapest.

This was the first Critical Mass in Budapest that did not draw negative comments from the media. A pro-car demonstration, following the same route, drew 7 participants. Pretty soon, somebody somewhere is going to start taking cycling seriously.

----

Flk sem hefur huga Critical Mass, ( "Hjlalest gtum" / "Jafnrislest" / "Snilekilest" ?), endilega pli essu og ri mli. Kannski getum vi fengi nokkur hundru manns t a hjla saman ? Vi erum lka umfer, og me jkvasti samgngumtum sem um getur.


Og hr getur maur lesi sttmlann

Hef ekki leita mjg tullega, en fann etta ekki frtunum. Af hverju er ekki krkja sttamlann ltin fylgja egar fjalla um etta ?

Reyndar egar g leitai www.stjr.is, fann g etta :

Stefnuyfirlsing rkisstjrnar Sjlfstisflokks og Samfylkingar 2007

23.5.2007

http://www.forsaetisraduneyti.is/frettir/nr/2643

ar stendur m.a. :

rbtur samgngum eru lykilatrii til a stula a jafnvgi bygg landsins og lkka flutningskostna. Styttri vegalengdir milli byggakjarna og ruggari vegir skapa mguleika strri og lfvnlegri atvinnu- og bsetusvum. Rist veri strtak samgngumlum og aukin hersla lg umferarryggi og almenningssamgngur.

Af hverju essu feimni vi a tala um hjlreiar og gngu ? A minnstu kosti jafn mikilvgt og allt hitt, batasamri og me margvsleg jkv hliarhrif, mt. heilsa, fjrml, heilsutengd tgjld, umhverfisml vasta skilningi, borgarbragur, umferarteppur ofl.


mbl.is Stjrnarsttmli kynntur ingflokkum stjrnarflokkanna eftir hdegi
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Hversu grnir eru ngrnir ?

"frtt" Morgunblasins undir fyrirsgninni "Grnn flokkur", 19.ma, segir :

" hpi Vinstri grnna eru margar ungar og efnilegar konur sem eru fullfrar um a taka vi forystu flokksins. En jafnframt felast augljslega sknarfri v fyrir ennan flokk a taka skrefi til fulls og vera grnn flokkur n ess a skilgreina sig til vinstri sem slkur.

Me slkri breytingu og nrri forystu mundi grni flokkurinn skapa sr sterka vgstu slenzkum stjrnmlum."

N finnst mr brnausnlegt a eir sem vilja grnar herslur, og srstaklega eir sem ahyllast flokkum sem ekki hafa veri ekktir fyrir herslu umhverfismlum, skra hva er tt vi.

  • Hvernig er eirra skilgreining sjlfbrni ?
  • Hvaa punktar r lokayfirlsingu Ro-rstefnu Sameinuu janna 1992 vilja eir styja ?
  • Eru enginn takmrk fyrir v hversu hratt og lengi efnahagskerfin geta haldi fram a vaxa kostna hfubkarinnar, aulindar og hreinleiki jarar ?
  • Sj menn tengingu milli jafnaar, sjlfbrri run og umhverfisgi ?
  • Hafa menn einhverjar hugmyndir um vistfrilegt ftspor hins vestrnna heims - sj til dmis myfootprint.org ofl ?
  • Vilja menn ganga nokku rsklega fram og laga gllum markashagkerfinu og fara a reikna me kostnai af mengun og aulindanotkun sem neytandinn ekki borgar fyrir dag, en umhverfi og samflagi allt borgar fyrir ? ( Mengunarbtarreglan/ Polluter Pays Principle ) Tkum sem dmi blastin sem eru gjaldfrjls. Fyrirtki Seattle eru farin a rukka fyrirblastin, en gefa alla svipaa upph launaselinum. geta menn kosi hvort eim finnst blasti ess viri. N er spurt hvort eir sem seinustu rin hafa byrja a tala htt um grnn stjrnml sj a etta s dmi um nokku alvarleg skekkja hagkerfinu ? Mrg fleiri dmi m taka um samgngur. Sj til dmis : External Costs of Transport, Update study
  • Af hverju hefur rkisstjrnin ekki fyrir lngu skrifa undir og gert a snu tillgurnar laborgarsttmlunum ?
  • etc, etc

  • Ea halda "ngrningar" etv a umhverfismlin leysast meir og minna ll me v a borga aeins betur me vetnisverkefnum og ess httar, flokka sorp aeins betur, og framleia meira l af "endurnjanlegum" orka og planta tr ?


Hversu hratt k bllinn ?

a skiptir n mestu mli hversu hratt var eki. Voru hemlafr gtunni ? Ef a er ekki vita arf samt a taka a fram frttinni, annig a betri mynd fist af raunverulegum atburum. anga til g heyri g rk fyrir ru, segi g: Ekki benda spjtum einhlia a drengnum, eins og virast gert essari frtt. etta virist lka vera lenska flestum sambrilegum frttum : vari vegfarandinn, frnarlambi, er gert upp a hafa gert eitthva af sr. En blstjrar eiga a hafa varan , eirra er aalbyrgin, vegna hversu httulegt tl eir su a nota og srstaklega barhverfum.

mrgum lndum hafa lgin veri breytt annig a kumenn bera byrgina egar keyrt er vegfaranda, nema hgt s a sanna anna. a vri vel ess viri a athuga etta fyrirkomulag hr. vri hugavert hvort hafi veri tala vi vitni, ea hvort etta etv. allt byggist framsgn kumanns.


mbl.is Eki dreng reihjli
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

"The transport elephant in the climate change room"

Sendi etta fjlmila grkvldi :

SUSTRANS : The transport elephant in the climate change room

Tknilausnir duga ekki einar til a leysa loftslagsmlum, segir Sustrans.
Hagrnir hvatar urfa til, og fjrmagni sem annig fst tti a nota a
styrkja heilbrigar samgngur.
IPCC, Vsindanefnd S Lofslagsmlum, leggja um essar mundir lokahnd
skrslu um agerir,
en hafa enn ekki s ljsi.

Vil lka benda hugavera skrslu ar sem reikna er hversu miki
mtti spara heilsukerfinu ef allir mundu hreyfa sr til samgangna 30
mntur dag, ea jafn miki og WHO mli me sem lgmark. Peningin sem
sparast heilsukerfinu mtti nota hreinni lausnir og mnnka tblstur
enn frekar. raunhft, bli j, en etta gefur kvena mynd.

Exercise-based transportation reduces oil dependence, carbon emissions and
obesity
http://journals.cambridge.org/production/action/cjoGetFulltext?fulltextid=370343


http://www.ecf.com/2328_1
http://www.sustrans.org.uk/default.asp?sID=1178201066515

03.05.2007The transport elephant in the climate change room

On the eve of the latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change (IPCC) Sustrans, the UK's leading sustainable transport
charity, sets out its recommendations for low carbon travel. But, says the
charity, the techno fixes so beloved of government, and the IPCC itself,
are not the whole solution. What is also needed, and urgently, is a shift
in behaviour change, and real government commitment, to meet the IPCC's
recommendations and deliver the level of reduction in CO2 emissions needed
to avoid rising climatic temperatures.

Fossil-fuel generated CO2 emissions from transport are steadily growing
and this sector is now contributing more CO2 than any other in the UK(1).
Sustrans believes that the UK government should commit to keeping CO2
emissions within 450 parts per million, since this offers the best chance
of keeping the average increase in temperatures worldwide within 2 degrees
C. Transforming the travel culture is critical to achieving this, but
transport policy continues to focus on enabling people to travel further
faster, with tackling congestion rather than carbon emissions a key
priority.

Sustrans' own work shows that bringing about travel behaviour change can
be quick and, if properly conducted, uncontroversial and economical,
particularly for short journeys normally made by car. And, where people
are choosing to walk or cycle, there are accompanying health benefits with
a reduced burden on the NHS.

Sustrans' behaviour change work graphically illustrates the potential for
change, its research on typical towns showing that around half of all car
trips could be replaced by walking, cycling and public transport with no
changes made to existing services and conditions. And there is a public
demand, around 90 per cent of people favour measures to improve conditions
for walking, cycling and public transport even when this disadvantages car
users(2).

Sustrans calls on governments to do much more to fund travel behaviour
change programmes that, the evidence shows, reduce car use by at least 10
per cent(3). In addition government has a real role to play in introducing
stronger fiscal measures such as increasing taxes which is known to be
effective in dampening demand, for example, increasing Vehicle Excise Duty
on less efficient vehicles. Another solution is road user charging focused
on reducing car use rather than congestion. The revenue generated should
be ploughed back into sustainable transport alternatives.

The IPCC report will focus on technological solutions to transport, such
as increased use of hydrogen fuel cells and biofuels. But serious doubts
exist about the ability of the biofuel industry to meet the demands of a
growing transport sector. Based on current predictions the biofuel
industry's hunger for land and water resources would quickly outstrip
supply, one study predicts the demand in the EU alone would need one
quarter of the EU's arable land to be turned over to biofuel production.

While the car industry has started to address the issue of fuel efficiency
current voluntary agreements with car manufacturers are running behind
schedule, with cars becoming less, not more, fuel efficient. Nearly a
century ago Ford's model T achieved 25 miles to the gallon, today many
Ford cars and trucks achieve much less than this. In short Sustrans
believes there is no technology available today that will enable the
transport sector to make sufficient cuts in emissions to achieve the UK's
own target of a 60% reduction by 2050, and that there needs to be much
greater focus on bringing about quick behaviour change.

Sustrans' recommendations are published in its Low Carbon Travel
information sheet. The sheet is introduced by Professor Sir John Lawton,
Chairman of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, who
highlights the urgency for action: "The evidence is now stronger than ever
that technological improvements alone will not be enough to deliver the
scale of emissions reductions we need to see from the transport sector.
Behaviour change is vital, that means all of us traveling less far, in
more energy efficient ways and at slower speeds. Transport and planning
must be better integrated so that people can travel shorter distances to
work, shops and schools and resources should be switched from road
building to creating conditions that will encourage people to walk, cycle
and use public transport much more.

"Doing nothing is no longer an option, in 1994 the Royal Commission called
for environmentally sustainable transport - if my successors are making
similar calls in another 13 years time then it will be too late".

Peter Lipman, Sustrans' Director of Low Carbon Travel: "This latest IPCC
report is crucial because it suggests ways of mitigating climate change by
reducing our greenhouse gas emissions. It will inform the next stage of
the Kyoto protocol process, so if it focuses only on magic bullets that
have yet to be proven effective rather than on bringing about behaviour
change which we already know works, and works quickly, it will be a wasted
opportunity. In the UK it is time to have a proper debate about the issues
rather than pretend we can have unfettered growth in mobility. The
evidence suggests that when people are well informed about the impact of
their travel choices, they are very willing to change their behaviour to
more sustainable ways of getting around. We can no longer afford to avoid
this reality".

For more information on
This news : http://www.sustrans.org.uk/default.asp?sID=1178201066515
Sustrans : http://www.sustrans.org.uk/


mbl.is Hgt a koma bndum losun grurhsalofttegunda
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Sakna dpt "vakningunni"

a er frbrt a svona margir taka tt og a rherrar og borgarstjrnarmenn virist farnir a skilja a hjlreiar geta lagt eitthva jkvtt a mrkum slandi.

En mig saknar a betri s sagt fr hversu trlega mikill vinningur vi getum haft af auknum hjlreium, ( og gngu og notkun almenningssamgangna )

hef engan tma nna, en nefni efni r rannsknarskrslum:

  • Hjlreiamaur sparar samflaginu amk. 300. 000 ISK um ri
  • Hjreiamenn lfa lengur
  • Fleiri hjlreiamenn a ruggari hjlreiamenn
  • Hjla vinnuna sparai lklega 20- 70 tonn CO2 fyrra
  • osvfrv.


mbl.is Rherrar reihjlum
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Hfleg hreyfing er ekki slm lausn heldur

Frttin segir :

Bandarskir vsindamenn telja sig hafa fundi t hvers vegna hfsemi mat kann a eiga tt a lengja lf manna.

En margt bendir til ess a hofsemd hreyfingu jni smu markmii. Allavega af maur segir a hfleg hreyfing vinnur a smu markmii.

Til dmis a hjla til vinnu ea skla, b og ess httar, annig a maur fr samtals 30 mntna hreyfingu dag, og gjarna svolti meira.

Njasta vsindagreinin sem stur essu var a birtast netinuog ber heti :

Influence of Exercise, Walking, Cycling, and Overall Nonexercise Physical Activity on Mortality in Chinese Women og mun birtast American Journal of Epidemiology (2007)

Mr snist sem eir su a segja a lkur a deyja meal eirra rtakinu sem hjluu var 50% lgra en hj hinum.

Hr eru krkjur :

http://www.citeulike.org/article/1273735

Nji greinin vitnar rannskn Lars Bo Andersen sem hlt erindi hjlarstefnu fyrra haust

Cyclingand all-cause mortality ?

Taki eftir a essar niurstur voru lka studdar rannskn ar sem sundir barna voru sagt a ferast sumar hjli, sumar eknir til skla ofl. Og maur virist alltaf sj sterkari heilsubata ef meira er hjla ( en heildarmagni er innan hfsemdarmarka )

Svo arf varla a taka fram a a fylgir svo marga ara kosti ess a fleiri hjli sta ess a aka bl.


mbl.is Finna lykil a langlfi
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Höfundur

Morten Lange
Morten Lange
Please excuse my meager Icelandic...

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